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亚搏官方平台|中国登顶珠峰60周年,南坡和北坡到底哪个难?

At this moment, the Mount Everest elevation survey team is waiting for the opportunity on Mount Everest. They will be from

目前,珠穆朗玛峰海拔调查小组正在等待珠穆朗玛峰的机会。他们将来自

On the Tibetan side of China is the northern slope of Mount Everest, and on the Nepalese side is the southern slope of Mount Everest. The climbing routes of the southern and northern slopes of Mount Everest are very mature.

在中国的西藏一侧是珠穆朗玛峰的北坡,在尼泊尔一侧是珠穆朗玛峰的南坡。珠穆朗玛峰的南坡和北坡的攀爬路线非常成熟。

Many readers often ask us,

许多读者经常问我们,

We invited the principal of the Peak Outdoor Sports School, climbed Mount Everest three times, and learned about the southern and northern slopes of Mount Everest.

我们邀请了Peak户外运动学校的校长,爬了3次珠穆朗玛峰,并了解了珠穆朗玛峰的南部和北部斜坡。

It is often said that Mount Everest is the less difficult one among the 14 8000-meter-level peaks. This description is not rigorous.

人们常说珠穆朗玛峰是14个8000米高的山峰中难度较小的峰之一。此说明不严格。

More rigorously, the traditional route of Mount Everest, such as the Northeast Ridge route or the South Col route, is relatively easy among the 14 traditional routes of 8000-meter-level peaks.

更严格地说,在14条8000米高的山峰传统路线中,珠穆朗玛峰的传统路线(例如东北山脊路线或南Col路线)相对亚搏ios下载地址较容易。

When comparing the difficulty of a specific route on a mountain, it can be judged by different dimensions such as altitude, steepness and length of the route, risk level, proximity, and climbing method, which need to be considered comprehensively.

在比较一条山上某条路线的难度时,可以通过不同的维度来判断,例如海拔高度,路线的陡度和长度,风险等级,接近程度和爬坡方法,这些都需要综合考虑。

If you want to compare the difficulty of the traditional route on the southern and northern slopes of Mount Everest, we must first make some basic settings: choose the same climbing method (such as commercial mountaineering Himalayan climbing method), the same season, and sufficient oxygen equipment.

如果要比较珠穆朗玛峰南部和北部斜坡上传统路线的难度,我们必须首先进行一些基本设置:选择相同的攀登方法(例如商业登山喜马拉雅攀登方法),相同的季节和足够的制氧设备。

Under this premise, we can compare the difficulty of the north and south slopes that I feel from several dimensions.

在此前提下,我们可以从多个方面比较我感觉到的南北坡的难度。

When other factors are the same, the higher the altitude of the mountain, the lower the oxygen content and the more difficult it is to climb. For example, if the same Fragrant Mountain is placed in Beijing and Lhasa, regardless of weather and other factors, the difficulty of Fragrant Mountain in Lhasa should be even higher. The altitude of the traditional route on the southern and northern slopes of Mount Everest is exactly the same, so there is no difference in this dimension.

当其他因素相同时,山的海拔越高,氧气含量越低,攀登难度就越大。例如,如果在北京和拉萨都放了一块香山,无论天气和其他因素如何,拉萨的香山难度都应该更高。珠穆朗玛峰南坡和北坡上传统路线的海拔高度完全相同,因此在尺寸上没有差异。

When other factors are the same, such as altitude, risk, proximity, and climbing methods are the same, if the route is steeper and longer, it is more difficult.

当其他因素相同时,例如高度,风险,距离和爬坡方法相同,如果路线更陡峭且更长,则难度更大。

There is little difference in the steepness of the traditional climbing routes on the north and south slopes. The north slope is very steep above 8,400 meters, and th亚搏官方平台ere are three steep sections of the first, second, and third steps, while the Kumbu Glacier section with the southern slope between 5400 and 6200 meters has There are many steep ice walls. At the same time, the Hillary Step at about 8,700 meters is also steeper (slower than the three steps on the north slope), but because there are ropes and ladders throughout, the difficulty caused by the steep mountains is quite different.

北坡和南坡的传统攀登路线的陡度差异不大。北坡在8400米以上非常陡峭,第一步,第二步和第三步有3个陡峭段,而南坡在5400至6200米之间的Kumbu冰川段有许多陡峭的冰墙。同时,大约8700米处的希拉里台阶也陡峭(比北坡上的三个台阶慢),但由于到处都有绳索和梯子,因此陡峭的山脉带来的困难也大不相同。

There is little difference in the length of the route between the north and south slopes. On the north slope, five camps were set up, including a 5800-meter transition camp, a 6,500-meter advance camp, a 7028-meter North Col camp, a 7790-meter camp, and an 8,300-meter camp.

南北斜坡之间的路线长度几乎没有差异。在北坡上,建立了五个营地,包括一个5800米的过渡营地,一个6500米的预营营地,一个7028米的北Col营地,一个7790米的营地和一个8300米的营地。

There are 5,900-meter campsites, 6,200-meter campsites, 7,300-meter campsites, and 7,925-meter Nancol campsites on the southern slope. The 5,900-meter campsite is not used during the summit, which means that the route between the campsites on the southern slope is longer than that on the northern slope. Long, and the climb is higher on the summit day, and the route is much longer.

南坡上有5,900米的露营地,6,200米的露营地,7,300米的露营地和7,925米的Nancol露营地。高峰期不使用5900米的露营地,这意味着露营地之间的路线在南坡比北坡更长。很长,山顶一天的爬坡更高,路线也更长。

Therefore, in terms of steepness and length, the route on the southern slope of Mount Everest is more difficult.

因此,就陡度和长度而言,珠穆朗玛峰南坡的路线较亚搏官方平台为困难。

When other factors are the same, such as altitude, steepness and length, proximity, and climbing methods are the same, if the route has a higher risk level, the climbing will be more difficult. For example, if there are two identical mountains, one with frequent rockfalls and one without rockfalls at all, then the former one is of course more difficult.

当其他因素相同时,例如高度,陡度和长度,接近度和攀爬方法相同,如果路线的风险等级较高,则攀爬将更加困难。例如,如果有两座相同的山峰,其中一处经常发生崩塌,而一处完全没有崩塌,那么前者当然会更加困难。

The possible risks of Mount Everest climbing include: mountain sickness and old diseases (the same on the north and south slopes), frostbite (the same on the north and south slopes), sliding, falling rocks, ice avalanches, falling into cracks, physical exhaustion, etc.

珠穆朗玛峰攀登的可能风险包括:山病和旧病(南北坡相同),冻伤(南北坡相同),滑倒,掉落的岩石,冰雪崩,掉入裂缝,自然精疲力尽等

The steep section of the northern slope of Mount Everest was repaired throughout the entire journey, with low risk of slipping; low risk of falling rocks and ice avalanches; stable glaciers with few cracks; short routes betw亚搏ios下载地址een camps and low risk of physical overdraft; fewer climbing teams on the north slope and higher risk of traffic jams The south side is lower.

珠穆朗玛峰北坡的陡峭区域在整个旅程中得到了修复,滑倒的风险很小;掉落岩石和冰雪崩的风险低;稳定的冰川,几乎没有裂缝;难民营之间的路线短,身体透支的风险低;北坡的登山队减少,交通拥堵的风险更高。南侧较低。

The steep section of the southern slope of Mount Everest has been repaired throughout the entire process, with low sliding risk; Khumbu Glacier has a huge risk of avalanche; rocks and ice falling on Luozibi is very serious; Khumbu Glacier has many cracks; the distance between camps is long and easy to overdraw; the south side There are many climbing teams and traffic jams are easy.

珠穆朗玛峰南坡的陡峭部分在整个过程中都得到了修复,滑动风险低;昆布冰川有雪崩的危险。落在罗子壁上的岩石和冰非常严重;昆布冰川有很多裂缝。营地之间的距离很长,容易透支;南部有许多登山队,交通拥堵很容易。

In summary, the risk level of the route on the southern slope of Mount Everest is higher and the climb is more difficult.

总而言之,珠穆朗玛峰南坡的路线风险较高,攀登难度更大。

When other factors are the same, the harder the route is to reach, the more difficult it is to support logistics and the more difficult it is to climb.

当其他因素相同时,路线越难到达,则支持物流的难度就越大,爬升的难度就越大。

The traditional route on the north slope of Mount Everest allows vehicles to go directly to the 5,100-meter base camp, with good road conditions, convenient transportation and relatively easy supply. However, there are no quick rescue methods such as helicopters for diseases or accidents on the mountain.

珠穆朗玛峰北坡的传统路线允许车辆直接进入5,100米的大本营,路况良好,交通便利,供应相对容易。但是,没有诸如山上的直升机那样的用于疾病或事故的快速救援方法。

The traditional route on the southern slope of Mount Everest requires a 60-kilometer hike from Lukla at an altitude of more than 2,000 meters to reach the base camp of about 5,300 meters. The route is long and difficult to supply. However, there is a helicopter service on the southern slope. If the altitude is below 7,200 meters, if an accident or disease occurs, the helicopter can arrive quickly to start rescue.

珠穆朗玛峰南坡的传统路线需要从卢克拉(Lukla)海拔2000多米的地方徒步60公里,才能到达约5300米的大本营。路线漫长且难以供应。但是,在南坡有直升机服务。如果海拔低于7,200米,如果发生事故或疾病,直升机可以迅速到达以开始救援。

In summary, the proximity of the southern slope of Mount Everest is worse, but it has helicopter services, so the difficulty of comprehensive evaluation on both sides is not much different.

综上所述,珠穆朗玛峰南坡的临近程度较差,但有直升飞机服务,因此双方进行综合评估的难度没有太大差异。

When other factors are the same, such as altitude, steepness and length, two routes with the same risk level, and proximity, it is generally more difficult to use the Alpine method than the Himalayan method. Of course, anaerobic climbing is more difficult than aerobic climbing. As difficult.

当其他因素相同时,例如高度,陡度和长度,两条具有相同风险等级的路线以及接近程度,使用阿尔卑斯方法通常比使用喜马拉雅方法困难。当然,无氧爬山比有氧爬山更困难。一样困难。

Other factors that may cause different difficulties, such as latitude, climate, climbing season, etc.

其他可能造成不同困难的因素,例如纬度,气候,攀登季节等。

Climbing on this side of Tibet can only participate in Tibet Yala Shampoo Mountaineering Expedition Service Company. The company has strong strength and has set up a strict admission system for climbers. The strength of customers is average and the safety factor is high.

攀登西藏一侧只能参加西藏亚拉香波登山探险服务公司。该公司实力雄厚,并为登山者建立了严格的准入制度。客户实力中等,安全系数高。

There are many mountaineering companies in Nanpo, and the level of them is uneven. The access system is like a fake, prone to various problems.

南坡有很多登山公司,而且水平参差不齐。访问系统就像是假的,容易出现各种问题。

According to the above evaluations, the traditional routes on the southern and northern slopes of Mount Everest have the same altitude, similar steepness, and little difference in proximity. However, the climbing routes between camps on the southern slope are longer, with higher risk levels, and there are mixed climbing organizations.

根据以上评估,珠穆朗玛峰南部和北部山坡上的传统路线具有相同的海拔高度,相似的陡度,并且相距不大。但是,南坡营地之间的攀登路线较长,风险较高,并且攀登组织混杂。

Through comprehensive consideration,

经过综合考虑