At this moment, the Mount Everest elevation survey team is waiting for the opportunity on Mount Everest. They will be from
On the Tibetan side of China is the northern slope of Mount Everest, and on the Nepalese side is the southern slope of Mount Everest. The climbing routes of the southern and northern slopes of Mount Everest are very mature.
Many readers often ask us,
We invited the principal of the Peak Outdoor Sports School, climbed Mount Everest three times, and learned about the southern and northern slopes of Mount Everest.
It is often said that Mount Everest is the less difficult one among the 14 8000-meter-level peaks. This description is not rigorous.
More rigorously, the traditional route of Mount Everest, such as the Northeast Ridge route or the South Col route, is relatively easy among the 14 traditional routes of 8000-meter-level peaks.
When comparing the difficulty of a specific route on a mountain, it can be judged by different dimensions such as altitude, steepness and length of the route, risk level, proximity, and climbing method, which need to be considered comprehensively.
If you want to compare the difficulty of the traditional route on the southern and northern slopes of Mount Everest, we must first make some basic settings: choose the same climbing method (such as commercial mountaineering Himalayan climbing method), the same season, and sufficient oxygen equipment.
Under this premise, we can compare the difficulty of the north and south slopes that I feel from several dimensions.
When other factors are the same, the higher the altitude of the mountain, the lower the oxygen content and the more difficult it is to climb. For example, if the same Fragrant Mountain is placed in Beijing and Lhasa, regardless of weather and other factors, the difficulty of Fragrant Mountain in Lhasa should be even higher. The altitude of the traditional route on the southern and northern slopes of Mount Everest is exactly the same, so there is no difference in this dimension.
When other factors are the same, such as altitude, risk, proximity, and climbing methods are the same, if the route is steeper and longer, it is more difficult.
There is little difference in the steepness of the traditional climbing routes on the north and south slopes. The north slope is very steep above 8,400 meters, and th亚搏官方平台ere are three steep sections of the first, second, and third steps, while the Kumbu Glacier section with the southern slope between 5400 and 6200 meters has There are many steep ice walls. At the same time, the Hillary Step at about 8,700 meters is also steeper (slower than the three steps on the north slope), but because there are ropes and ladders throughout, the difficulty caused by the steep mountains is quite different.
There is little difference in the length of the route between the north and south slopes. On the north slope, five camps were set up, including a 5800-meter transition camp, a 6,500-meter advance camp, a 7028-meter North Col camp, a 7790-meter camp, and an 8,300-meter camp.
There are 5,900-meter campsites, 6,200-meter campsites, 7,300-meter campsites, and 7,925-meter Nancol campsites on the southern slope. The 5,900-meter campsite is not used during the summit, which means that the route between the campsites on the southern slope is longer than that on the northern slope. Long, and the climb is higher on the summit day, and the route is much longer.
Therefore, in terms of steepness and length, the route on the southern slope of Mount Everest is more difficult.
When other factors are the same, such as altitude, steepness and length, proximity, and climbing methods are the same, if the route has a higher risk level, the climbing will be more difficult. For example, if there are two identical mountains, one with frequent rockfalls and one without rockfalls at all, then the former one is of course more difficult.
The possible risks of Mount Everest climbing include: mountain sickness and old diseases (the same on the north and south slopes), frostbite (the same on the north and south slopes), sliding, falling rocks, ice avalanches, falling into cracks, physical exhaustion, etc.
The steep section of the northern slope of Mount Everest was repaired throughout the entire journey, with low risk of slipping; low risk of falling rocks and ice avalanches; stable glaciers with few cracks; short routes betw亚搏ios下载地址een camps and low risk of physical overdraft; fewer climbing teams on the north slope and higher risk of traffic jams The south side is lower.
The steep section of the southern slope of Mount Everest has been repaired throughout the entire process, with low sliding risk; Khumbu Glacier has a huge risk of avalanche; rocks and ice falling on Luozibi is very serious; Khumbu Glacier has many cracks; the distance between camps is long and easy to overdraw; the south side There are many climbing teams and traffic jams are easy.
In summary, the risk level of the route on the southern slope of Mount Everest is higher and the climb is more difficult.
When other factors are the same, the harder the route is to reach, the more difficult it is to support logistics and the more difficult it is to climb.
The traditional route on the north slope of Mount Everest allows vehicles to go directly to the 5,100-meter base camp, with good road conditions, convenient transportation and relatively easy supply. However, there are no quick rescue methods such as helicopters for diseases or accidents on the mountain.
The traditional route on the southern slope of Mount Everest requires a 60-kilometer hike from Lukla at an altitude of more than 2,000 meters to reach the base camp of about 5,300 meters. The route is long and difficult to supply. However, there is a helicopter service on the southern slope. If the altitude is below 7,200 meters, if an accident or disease occurs, the helicopter can arrive quickly to start rescue.
In summary, the proximity of the southern slope of Mount Everest is worse, but it has helicopter services, so the difficulty of comprehensive evaluation on both sides is not much different.
When other factors are the same, such as altitude, steepness and length, two routes with the same risk level, and proximity, it is generally more difficult to use the Alpine method than the Himalayan method. Of course, anaerobic climbing is more difficult than aerobic climbing. As difficult.
Other factors that may cause different difficulties, such as latitude, climate, climbing season, etc.
Climbing on this side of Tibet can only participate in Tibet Yala Shampoo Mountaineering Expedition Service Company. The company has strong strength and has set up a strict admission system for climbers. The strength of customers is average and the safety factor is high.
There are many mountaineering companies in Nanpo, and the level of them is uneven. The access system is like a fake, prone to various problems.
According to the above evaluations, the traditional routes on the southern and northern slopes of Mount Everest have the same altitude, similar steepness, and little difference in proximity. However, the climbing routes between camps on the southern slope are longer, with higher risk levels, and there are mixed climbing organizations.
Through comprehensive consideration,